People nowadays are prone to have depression and anxiety. Because of this global pandemic, many people can encounter horrible and frightening event like losing a loved one that can lead to Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Since it is inevitable, especially in this catastrophic event that we are all facing, consider knowing PTSD physical symptoms can help you or your love one to overcome this problematic condition. You can recover from PTSD by having proper help and treatment of a professional.
Post-traumatic Stress Disorder
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), called battle fatigue syndrome, is a severe condition that can create after an individual has encountered or seen a horrific or frightening event in which there was severe physical damage or threat. PTSD is an enduring result of horrendous experiences that cause profound dread, defenselessness, or horror. Instances of things that can bring on PTSD incorporate physical or sexual assault, the unexpected demise of a friend or family member, an accident, war, or catastrophic event. Families of victims can have PTSD, as can emergency personnel and rescue workers.
Most individuals who have a horrendous mishap will have responses that may incorporate shock, outrage, anxiety, dread, and even blame. These responses are common, and for a great many people, they disappear over the long run. For an individual with PTSD, nonetheless, these emotions proceed and even increment, turning out to be solid to the point that they keep the individual from approaching their life true to form. Individuals with PTSD have manifestations for longer than one month and cannot work just as before the event that triggered it happened.
Post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms may begin within one month of a distressing occurrence, yet at times manifestations may not show up until years after the event. These indications cause critical issues in social or work circumstances and relationships. They can likewise meddle with your capacity to approach your typical everyday tasks. PTSD symptoms can change over time or vary from individual to individual.
- Recurrent, undesirable troubling recollections of the traumatic event
- Flashbacks or reliving the awful accident as though it were occurring once more
- Bad dreams about the disturbing event
- Extreme emotional distress or physical responses to something that helps you to remember the horrible mishap
- Trying to abstain from pondering the traumatic event
- Evading places, activities or individuals that help you to remember the awful accident
Adverse changes in thoughts and mood
- Negative contemplations about yourself, other people or the world
- Hopelessness about what is to come
- Memory problems, together with not recalling significant parts of the traumatic event
- Trouble maintaining close connections
- Feeling disengaged from loved ones
- Do not have any interest in activities you once delighted in
- Difficulty encountering positive feelings
- Feeling emotionally numb
PTSD physical symptoms and emotional reactions
- Being effectively alarmed or terrified
- Blurred vision or other sudden eye conditions
- Attempting to self-medicate that can lead to substance abuse
- Self-destructive behavior, for example, drinking excessively or driving excessively fast
- Difficulty sleeping
- Difficulty concentrating
- Irritability, angry outbursts or aggressive behavior
- Overwhelming blame or disgrace
For kids six years of age and younger, PTSD physical symptoms may likewise include:
- Re-enacting the horrendous accident or aspects of the traumatic event through play
- A nightmare that could conceivably incorporate parts of the traumatic event
PTSD can cause difficulties in every aspect of your life, such as your job, your relationships, your wellbeing, and your regular activities. It might likewise make you bound to create other mental health problems, for example:
- Depression and anxiety
- Alcohol, drug, or substance abuse
- Eating disorders
- Suicidal thoughts and actions
If you have suicidal thoughts
If you or somebody you know has self-destructive thoughts, get help immediately through at least one of these assets:
- Reach out to a loved one or close friend
- Contact a pastor, a spiritual leader or somebody in your faith community.
- Call a suicide hotline number to reach a trained counselor.
- Make a schedule with your physician or mental health professional.
PTSD is not identified until at least one month has passed since the horrible mishap occurred. If symptoms of PTSD are present, the specialists will start an assessment by doing a comprehensive medical history and physical exam. Even though there are no lab tests to diagnose PTSD explicitly, the specialist may utilize different tests to preclude physical ailment as the reason for the symptoms.
If no physical ailment is discovered, you might have alluded to a psychiatrist, psychologist, or other mental health experts who are specially trained to diagnose and treat psychological maladjustments. Psychiatrists and psychologists utilize specially planned meeting and appraisal apparatuses to assess an individual for the presence of PTSD or other mental health conditions.
The specialist puts together their diagnosis of PTSD on reported symptoms, incorporating any issues with working brought about by the side effects. The specialist at that point decides whether the manifestations and level of dysfunction denote PTSD. PTSD is diagnosed if the individual has indications of PTSD that keep going for over one month.
Substance abuse and addiction are usually associated with co-occurring disorders like depression, anxiety, and PTSD. Individuals looking for treatment for PTSD are fourteen times more possible also to be diagnosed with a substance abuse disorder (SUD). The idea of a person with PTSD is that substance abuse can null or avoid PTSD symptoms.
The objective of PTSD treatment is to diminish the emotional and physical symptoms, to improve every day working, and to enable the individual to better manage with the event that triggered the disorder.
The physician utilizes specific antidepressant medications to cure PTSD and to manage the feelings of anxiety and its related symptoms.
- Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), for example, fluvoxamine (Luvox), citalopram (Celexa), fluoxetine (Prozac), sertraline (Zoloft), and paroxetine (Paxil).
- Tricyclic antidepressants, for example, isocarboxazid (Doxepin) and amitriptyline (Elavil).
- Mood stabilizers, for example, lamotrigine (Lamictal) and Divalproex (Depakote)
- Atypical antipsychotics, for example, quetiapine (Seroquel) and aripiprazole (Abilify)
In addition, certain blood pressure prescriptions are sometimes used to regulate specific symptoms:
- Prazosin for bad dreams
- Clonidine (Catapres) for rest
- Propranolol (Inderal) to help lessen the formation of horrible recollections
Psychotherapy for PTSD includes helping the individual learn aptitudes to manage symptoms and create methods of adapting. Treatment likewise expects to show the individual and their family the problem, and help the individual work through the feelings of dread related to the traumatic event.
Cognitive behavioral therapy
Cognitive behavioral therapy includes figuring out how to perceive and change thought designs that lead to inconvenient feelings, emotions, and behavior.
Prolonged exposure therapy
Prolonged exposure therapy, a kind of behavioral treatment that includes having the individual remember the horrible accident, or exposing the individual to items or circumstances that cause anxiety. This is completed in a very much controlled and safe environment. Prolonged exposure therapy enables the individual to confront the fear and progressively become more comfortable with circumstances that are alarming and cause anxiety. Prolonged exposure therapy has been effective at curing PTSD.
Psycho-dynamic treatment focuses on helping the individual look at personal values, and the emotional conflicts brought about by the horrendous mishap.
Family therapy might be helpful because the behavior of the individual with PTSD can affect other relatives.
Group therapy might be useful by permitting the individual to share thoughts, fears, and sentiments with others who have encountered traumatic events.
Eye Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)
EMDR is an intricate type of psychotherapy that was at first intended to reduce the distress associated with traumatic memories and is currently also used to cure phobias.